Diabetes, or diabetes mellitius, refers to a group of metabolic diseases. Metabolism is responsible for the way a body responses to the food consumed and how it transforms it to energy. In a healthy organism most food breaks down to glucose, which is a form of sugar in the blood.
Diabetes happens when a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than normal. This can happen for two reasons: a person’s insulin production can be not normal or the cells of a body do not response to insulin in a way they are supposed to. There can be cases when both reasons take place.
Major symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger. There are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Pregnant women can also experience gestational diabetes.
Diabetes is treated by lowering blood sugar levels. There is a number of medications that are administered both orally (metformin) and in the form of injections (GLP-1 agonists). Type 1 diabetes is only treated with insulin.
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