Antiviral drugs fall in a group of antimicrobials, which make a large category that encompasses antiparasitic, antifungal and antibiotic medications. They are not harmful to the host, thus can be safely administered for managing infections.
It is important to distinguish them from viricides. Actually, viricides are not medicines, but they work to destroy and deactivate virus particles inside and outside the organism. There are plants like St John's wort that are considered to be viricides. However there isn’t any sufficient evidence to support the point scientifically. Antivirals are contained in the oils of particular herbs; generally it is eucalyptus oil and its components.
The majority of antiviral medications available at the market are intended to help treat herpes viruses (cold sores and genital herpes), HIV, chicken pox, influenza caused by viruses from A and B class, the hepatitis type B and C.
These days researchers and scientists are working hard to extend the antiviral treatments to different pathogenic families.
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